Conference Papers

SynchroGrid's engineers further contribute to the system protection industry by publishing and presenting papers at the major relay conferences in the United States, including the Texas A&M, Georgia Tech, and Western Protective conferences.

SynchroGrid's publications focus on relay applications, fault analysis of events, and research results. Look below to see a few of the conference papers that we have presented recently.

The Effects Of Neutral Shifts On Protective Relays

March 30, 2015


This paper presents the event analyst with the theory, causes, and field record waveforms behind neutral shifts and their effects on protective relays, which will aid the analyst in the analysis of neutral shifts.

Analysis of a Flashover Operation on Two 138kV Transmission Lines

April 2, 2014


A flashover between the transmission and distribution circuit caused two 138kV transmission lines to trip. This paper presents the sequence of events, waveform analysis, reasearch results, and recommendations.

Preventing Transformer Mis-Operations during External Faults

April 2, 2014


This paper offers the reader with testing techniques that are suitable for microprocessor relays where external faults can be simulated.

Three Terminal Application of Distance and Current Differential Relays

April 3, 2013


This paper presents the reader with how distance and current differential relays were applied in a three terminal line application on the Entergy system.


A Guide to Digital Fault Recording Analysis

April 1, 2010


This paper addresses aspects of power system fault analysis and provides the new event analyst with a basic foundation of the requirements and steps to analyze and interpret fault disturbances.

Fundamental Principles of Transformer Thermal Loading and Protection

April 1, 2009


This paper discusses the fundamental thermal principles of power transformers, philosophies of operations and the implementations of thermal protection.